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For most part of last year, I had cases of sudden death to Hypertension, Stroke and Heart attack than more pronounced issues like HIV.

Hypertension the “Silent Killer” now affects one of every three Nigerian.

A dangerous growth rate for a problem that mostly has no symptoms. Shows no obvious signs and catches you by surprise.

High blood pressure (Hypertension) is defined as transitory (short-lived) or chronic elevation of the blood pressure in the arteries. This elevation in the pressure of blood in the arteries may lead to cardiovascular damage.

How to Measure Blood Pressure.

Blood pressure is broken into systolic and diastolic values.

The systolic measurement is the peak pressure in the arteries, and the diastolic measurement is the minimum pressure in the arteries.

Normal blood pressure is defined as being below 120/80, where 120 represents the systolic (maximum) measurement and 80 represents the diastolic (minimum) measurement.

Hypertension occurs when blood pressure reaches above 140/90.

The risk for hypertension is increased in a condition known as prehypertension, which occurs when the blood pressure is between 120/80 and 139/89.

What Causes Hypertension?

The cause of hypertension is often not known.

Around 1 in every 20 cases of hypertension is the effect of an underlying condition or medication.

Chronic kidney disease is a common cause of high blood pressure because the kidneys do not filter out fluid. This fluid excess leads to hypertension.

Common Risk factors

A number of risk factors increase the chances of having hypertension.

  • Age: Hypertension is more common in people aged over 40 years.(though we have reported cases of hypertensive people younger than 40) With age, blood pressure can increase steadily as the arteries become stiffer and narrower due to plaque build-up.
  • Ethnicity: Some ethnic groups are more prone to hypertension. (eg being African)
  • Size and weight: Being overweight or obese is a key risk factor.
  • Alcohol and tobacco use: Consuming large amounts of alcohol regularly can increase a person’s blood pressure, as can smoking tobacco.
  • Sex: The lifetime risk is the same for males and females, but men are more prone to hypertension at a younger age. The prevalence tends to be higher in older women.
  • Existing health conditions: Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and high cholesterol levels can lead to hypertension, especially as people get older.

Other contributing factors include:

  • physical inactivity
  • a salt-rich diet associated with processed and fatty foods (very common)
  • low potassium in the diet
  • alcohol and tobacco use
  • certain diseases and medications

A family history of high blood pressure and poorly managed stress can also contribute.

 

Symptoms of Hypertension

A person with hypertension may not notice any symptoms, the reason it’s often called the “silent killer.”

While undetected, it can cause damage to the cardiovascular system and internal organs, such as the kidneys and heart.

Regularly checking your blood pressure is vital, as there will usually be no symptoms to make you aware of the condition.

It is maintained that high blood pressure causes sweating, anxiety, sleeping problems, fatigue of confusion, chest pain. However, in most cases, there will be no symptoms at all.

If blood pressure reaches the level of a hypertensive crisis, a person may experience headaches and nosebleeds.

Complications

Long-term hypertension can cause complications through atherosclerosis, where the formation of plaque results in the narrowing of blood vessels. This makes hypertension worse, as the heart must pump harder to deliver blood to the body.

 

High blood pressure raises the risk of several health problems, including a heart attack.

This was the stage my 54-year-old Uncle, A Legal Practitioner in benin had gotten to.

Hypertension-related atherosclerosis can lead to:

  • heart failure and heart attacks
  • an aneurysm, or an abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery that can burst, causing severe bleeding and, in some cases, death
  • kidney failure
  • stroke
  • amputation
  • hypertensive retinopathies in the eye, which can lead to blindness

Regular blood pressure testing can help people avoid more severe complications as well as making a lifestyle change at best.

In my next mail, I will be giving out a 3-Step fight back plan to help anyone with Hypertension of Prehypertension.

You wouldn’t want to miss out of this Free report for any reason, so stay glued to your mail for my email message.

 

Please leave your feedback in the comment section.

 

Thank you.